The PHYSIOLOGY OF MENSTRUAL PAIN AND THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TECHNOLOGY-BASED PAIN MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES
Keywords:Dysmenorrhea, Menstrual Pain, Physiology of Menstruation
Dysmenorrhea or menstrual pain significantly affects the quality of life for many women, necessitating effective and non-invasive pain management strategies. This study systematically reviewed existing literature on the physiological causes of menstrual pain and the effectiveness of technology-based pain relief techniques. The review shows that menstrual pain is mainly regulated by the hypothalamus-pituitary-ovary axis, with prostaglandins and inflammatory cytokines playing key roles. Also, stress and anxiety can amplify menstrual discomfort. It also uncovers several technology-based interventions for effective pain management, including Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS), heat therapy, mobile apps, virtual reality (VR), and wearable tech. However, potential risks and limitations of these interventions, such as overreliance, data security, limited accessibility, varying effectiveness, cost, user acceptance, and lack of human contact, were also identified. Despite these limitations, technology-based pain management techniques represent promising non-invasive alternatives for managing menstrual discomfort. Additional high-quality research is needed to further validate the efficacy of these approaches and address potential risks.
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) for Primary Dysmenorrhea: An Overview - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6955615/
Heat therapy for primary dysmenorrhea: A systematic review and meta-analysis of its effects on pain relief and quality of life - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6214933/
Smartphone apps for menstrual pain and symptom management: A scoping review - https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214782923000052
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Copyright (c) 2023 Kshitij Prakash Korekar , Dr. Poh Omasyarifa Binti Jamal, Khuraseva Anna Borisovna3
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.