Tackling poor nutrition, lack of physical activity, and obesity in the general population

Authors

  • Nurul Liyana binti Ramzee Charisma University, Kursk State Medical University
  • Dr.Ghassan Salibi Charisma University
  • Professor Nikolaos Tzenios Charisma University https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6679-2296

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.58676/sjmas.v2i2.52

Keywords:

poor nutrition, physical activity, obesity in the general population

Abstract

Background: Addressing the critical public health issues of poor nutrition, lack of physical activity, and obesity is essential for reducing non-communicable diseases. These factors contribute significantly to global morbidity and mortality, necessitating a comprehensive approach to improve dietary habits and increase physical activity among the general population.

Methods and Materials: Utilizing an online survey targeted at medical students aged 19-25 from Kursk State Medical University, this study analyzes dietary habits, physical activity levels, and obesity perception. The survey, supplemented by academic literature and expert consultation, offers a multidimensional view of the prevailing health behaviors among students.

Results: The findings indicate a concerning prevalence of unhealthy dietary choices, insufficient physical activity, and a notable perception of obesity among the participants. Statistical analysis of the survey results highlights the need for targeted interventions to address these health issues.

Conclusion: The study underscores the importance of integrated strategies to promote healthy eating and regular physical activity. It calls for educational campaigns, policy measures, and individual behavioral changes to combat the growing challenge of obesity and associated health risks in the general population.

References

World Health Organization. Physical Activity. Available online: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/physical-activity (accessed on 27 October 2021).

World Health Organization. Non-communicable Diseases. Available online: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/noncommunicable-diseases (accessed on 27 October 2021).

Schwingshackl, L.; Bogensberger, B.; Hoffmann, G. Diet Quality as Assessed by the Healthy Eating Index, Alternate Healthy Eating Index, Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension Score, and Health Outcomes: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Cohort Studies. J. Acad. Nutr. Diet. 2018, 118, 74–100.e111.

U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2020–2025, 9th ed.; U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Washington, DC, USA, 2020.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, 2nd ed.; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Washington, DC, USA, 2018.

Danaei G, Ding EL, Mozaffarian D, et al. The preventable causes of death in the United States: comparative risk assessment of dietary, lifestyle, and metabolic risk factors. PLoS Med. 2009.

Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee.Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 2008.

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Published

2024-03-11

How to Cite

binti Ramzee, N. L., Salibi, D., & Tzenios, N. (2024). Tackling poor nutrition, lack of physical activity, and obesity in the general population. Special Journal of the Medical Academy and Other Life Sciences., 2(2). https://doi.org/10.58676/sjmas.v2i2.52

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